Policies & Regulations

In a democratic country, there is need of democratization of education. In order to achieve education for all, so many initiatives and attempts have been made by the Government of India. Through policy formulation, the government lays down directives for the future course of action towards realizing some perceived goals. In a democratic society, the goal lies in the various aspects of the welfare of the people. For the wellbeing of the Indian nation and the Indian society at the national and local level, definite thrust has been laid down on education. Even in early Indian history, education figured in the administrative policies of the government. The modern trend of development can be fruitfully traced to the British colonial government about which we have already discussed in the previous units. We have already come to know that such efforts and measures are being continued in the post independence time in India. In this unit, we shall focus on one of the important initiatives of the government of India towards democratizing education. This is reflected in the National Policy of Education, 1986 and its Modified Policy, 1992 which is known as Programme of Action.

The main objective of the National Policy of Education of 1986 and Programme of Action, 1992 was to establish a national system of education implies that all students irrespective of caste; creed, sex, and religion have access to education of a comparable quality. Actually, the objectives of this policy had been divided into the several aspects.
In relation to Elementary Education, followings are the major objectives of National Policy of Education 1986 are mainly:

  • Universal access and enrolment
  • Universal retention of children up to 14 years of age and
  • A sustainable improvement in the quality education to enable all children to achieve essential levels of learning.
Regarding Secondary Education, National Policy of Education stressed on the improvement of the quality of secondary education. Effort to be made to provide computer literacy in as many secondary level institutions to make the students equipped with necessary computer skills.
Regarding higher education, National Policy of Education and Programme of Action of 1986 and 1992 emphasized that higher education should provide to the people with an opportunity to reflect on the critical social, economic, cultural, moral and spiritual issues.
Thus, the basic objectives of the National Policy of Education of 1986 and Programme of Action of 1992 emphasized that education must play a positive and interventionist role in correcting social and regional imbalance, empowering women, and in securing rightful place for the disadvantaged and the minorities. Government should take a strong determination and commitment to provide education for all, the priority areas being free and compulsory education, covering children with special needs, eradication of illiteracy, education for women’s equality and special focus on the education of S.C. s (Scheduled caste) and S.T. s(Scheduled tribes) and Minorities.
The educational policy as highlighted in the N.P.E. also emphasized on enhancing and promoting the vocationalisation of education, adult education, education for the mentally and physically challenged persons, non-formal education, open universities and distance learning, rural university, early childhood care and education. Delinking degrees from job was also one of the basic objectives of National Policy of Education of 1986.

Click to study, Programme of Action

Latest Policies On Education :

August 14, 2012

Home schooling is now permissible under the RTE Act. Govt. Clarifies the word “Compulsion”

February 20, 2012

Periscope 7 – 50 new DTH channels for Higher Ed, Open Schooling, New Education Commission, Higher Ed GER, Expenditure on IITs

January 09, 2012

Periscope 6 – MHRD on PISA Results, Inequity in education, Finland’s schools

January 05, 2012

India’s participation in PISA 2009+ cycle: Results from Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu

December 28, 2011

India’s participation in PISA 2009+ cycle: The Process

December 26, 2011

Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA): What? Why? How?

December 07, 2011

Conference Announcement: School Choice National Conference 2011

November 29, 2011

Progress Report on the Implementation of the Right to Education Act

November 09, 2011

Incentives in school education in India

October 30, 2011

Do Government School Teachers in Tamil Nadu educate their own children in Government schools or Private Schools?

October 03, 2011

6.8 million laptops to be distributed free to students by the Tamil Nadu Government – details and implications

September 25, 2011

Periscope 5: Future of online learning; Mission10x; Samjho Sikho in Bihar; No uniform school curriculum

July 18, 2011

The Inequality of opportunity in education in India

July 02, 2011

Comparison of school education policy, structures, curriculum, assessment and teacher training across multiple countries

June 23, 2011

Special Education Parks (SPED Parks) for rapid expansion of the supply of education

June 21, 2011

Periscope 2: Salman Khan overhyped? ; School reform in America ; Why for-profit schools may not be not good

June 18, 2011

The solution to high cutoffs? It is the supply, stupid!

June 13, 2011

Periscope – June 13, 2011

June 07, 2011

Conscription to solve the shortage of teachers

May 16, 2011

Organisations creating awareness and disseminating information on Education in India

February 04, 2011

The need for political innovation to make Education a top political priority

February 03, 2011

Opening up Education to for-profit entities

January 31, 2011

Doing an RSBY in School Education

January 30, 2011

Education for All – More of the Same or Something Different?

August 04, 2010

Inequality and education

July 30, 2010

Admission to medical college without having done science

July 16, 2010

Mittals speak about the proposed Bharti University

July 16, 2010

Mittals speak about the proposed Bharti University

December 25, 2009

School Choice National Conference 2009 – Session 1 Summary

November 16, 2009

(Source: Prayatna Blog on Education in India)

Details about the Azim Premji University

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