Education Governing Bodies of Present Education System in India
National Council of Educational Research and Training – NCERT is the apex body for curriculum related matters for school education in India. It assists and advises the Central and State Governments on academic matters related to school education. It also provides support and technical assistance to a number of schools in India and oversees many aspects of enforcement of education policies.
Central Board of Secondary Education – CBSE is another main governing body of education system in India. It comes under the purview of the Central Government. It is a Board of Education for public and private schools. The board conducts final examinations every spring for All India Senior School Certificate Examination (AISSCE) for Class 10 and 12. The board also annually conducts the AIEEE exam for admission to undergraduate courses in engineering and architecture in numerous colleges of India. It also conducts AIPMT – All India Pre medical Test for admission to major medical colleges in India.
Council of Indian School Certificate Examination – CISCE is a private, non-governmental board of school education in India. It conducts two examinations ‘Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) ‘ and ‘Indian School Certificate (ISC)‘. ICSE is an examination meant for those Indian students who have just completed their 10th class. ISC is a public examination conducted for those studying in 12th class.
State Government Education Boards – There are a number of state education boards in India. These are recognized by the Department of Higher Education. Some of the states have more than one School Education Board. These Boards conduct various types of examinations which vary from State to State but most of them conduct Middle Standard Examination, Senior Secondary Exam, Senior Secondary – Open School, Matriculation, Matriculation – Open School. These have been created to serve the education needs of the people at the state level. State board certification valued less as compared to the All India level Boards.
National Institute of Open Schooling Board – It is an educational board of national level established by the Government of India and the Ministry for Human Resource Development. This board meets the educational needs of students who cannot attend regular schools. It is also known as National Institute of Open Schooling or NIOS. Though anybody can appear for the board examinations, it is most suitable for sportspersons, physically handicapped, candidates suffering with chronic medical illness and those with learning disorders or other psychiatric conditions. It also caters to rural populace in an inexpensive manner.
International Schools – International schools in India are affiliated to the International Baccalaureate Programme and/or the Cambridge International Examinations. These schools provide education especially for children of International Personnel (diplomats etc.). These schools follow different examination systems and boards from that of the Indian Boards. However, these adhere to certain requirements of the Indian national system irrespective of the examination system adopted by them. Most of these schools follow the IB Board or the (International Baccalaureate).
Islamic Madrasa Education – Islamic Madrasah Education provides Islamic studies and literature learning as essentials. A school which provides Islamic education is generally known as a Madrassa,Madrasah, Madrasa, Madresa, etc. Most of the Madrasas of India follow the Hanafi thought.These schools are governed either by the state government, run autonomously or may be affiliated with the Darul Uloom Deoband, Sahranpur, Uttar Pradesh. The course of these schools include literature (urdu, arabic, persian etc.), knowledge of Yunani medicine, superficial and cursory knowledge of social sciences and science. Most of the muslim children acquire their primary and perhaps their only formal education through these schools.
University Grants Commission – UGC of India is a national body which coordinates and looks after the maintenance of standard of university education in India. It provides recognition to universities and provides funds for government-recognised universities and colleges. It has 6 regional centres in Pune, Bhopal, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Guwahati and Bangalore. It also conducts NET for the appointments of teachers in colleges and universities.