Fact Sheet

01 Sep
  • Estimates of GDP for the 1st Quarter (April-June) of 2012-13
    The Central Statistics Office (CSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has released the estimates of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
  • Annual inflation rate based on CPI for July 2012 eases to 9.86%
    The Central Statistics Office (CSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation releases Consumer Price Indices (CPI) on base 2010=100..
  • Monthly Inflation declines to 6.87% in July, 2012
    The official Wholesale Price Index for ‘All Commodities’ (Base: 2004-05 = 100) for the month July, 2012 rose by 0.4 percent to 164.8..
  • Index of Industrial Production (IIP) shrinks to -1.8% in June 2012
    The Quick Estimates of Index of Industrial Production (IIP) with base 2004-05 for the month of June 2012 have been released by the Central Statistics Office..

General Facts

  • India spends only 3.3% of its GDP on education, compared to an average 5.8% in developed countries
  • GOI had made a commitment to spend 6% of GDP on education in 1968, however the highest spent so far is just 4% of GDP
  • Of the 32 million student that began school in 2004, less than half will complete the compulsory 8 years of education
  • The common reasons given by 3 out of four drop-outs for leaving school are

a) High cost of private education
b) Need to work to support their families
c) No interest in studies.

  • Dropout rates increase alarmingly in class III to V – its 50% for boys, 58% for girls
  • Since 2001, the government’s flagship elementary education program, the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, has helped to bring some 20 million children into school; most of them are first-generation learners
  • In India, education has been made free for children from 6 to 14 years of age (up to Class 8), under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009
  • A study found that 65% of schoolchildren in Hyderabad slums attend private schools. This proves the fact that even the poorest in India go to private schools in spite of the free education in government schools
  • 37% of secondary students fail, and 11% dropout before exam
  • Just one out of nine children finishing school joins a college. India has one of the lowest higher education enrollment ratio of 11 per cent. In the US it is 83 per cent.
  • To meet its target of increasing enrollment levels to 15 per cent in 2012, the Eleventh Plan estimates that India needs to invest Rs 2,26,410 crore. Yet it has set aside only Rs77,933 crore-just a fourth of the total needed.
  • A recent ASSCoM-McKinsey study showed that only one out of Ten Indian students with degrees in humanities and one out of four engineering graduates are employable. So much for India’s boast of having one of the largest technical and scientific manpower reserves in the world
  • A study by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council showed that 90 per cent of the colleges and 70 per cent of the universities that the council graded were of middling or poor quality
  • Shortage of teachers was endemic with even the IITs reporting a 20 to 30 per cent shortfall in faculty
  • On an average most Indian universities revise their curricula only once in five to 10 years but even then they get defeated in both letter and spirit
  • In 50 years, only 44 private institutions were granted deemed university status by the University Grants Commission. In the last  5 years, it has granted that status to 49 more, leading to charges of impropriety
  • The shortage of good institutions has seen cut-off percentages for entry into good colleges soar to genius levels. This year’s qualifying marks for RCom (Hons) course in Delhi’s SRCC was 98.75 per cent
  • Studies show that the number of students committing suicide because of the pressure to perform well in secondary board exams is rising alarmingly
  • Indian students now spend $7 billion to go abroad and study in foreign universities because of the poor quality of education at home. Yet the government drags  it feet overpermitting foreign universities to set up shop in India. Where in same cost we can successfully implement and run around 10 more IITs
  • The quality of school education hasn’t improved. A recent study found that in rural north India on an average day, there is no teaching activity in about half” of the primary schools
  • The US currently accounts for over a third of the entire world’s output of articles in science and engineering. India, in contrast, accounts for less than 3 per cent of research papers published and in terms of citations barely 1 per cent
  • A little over one-third of all children who enroll in grade one reach grade eight
  • At least 35 million children aged 6 – 14 years do not attend school
  • On an average an upper primary school is 3 km away in 22% of areas under habitations
  • In nearly 60% of schools, there are less than two teachers to teach Classes I to V
  • In an average, there are less than three teachers per primary school. They have to manage classes from I to V every day
  • 1 in 40, primary school in India is conducted in open spaces or tents
  • In Andhra Pradesh (South India), 52 upper primary schools were operating without a building in 2002, while in 1993, there were none
  • In Maharashtra (West India), there were 10 schools operating without a building in 1993, this has climbed to 33 in 2002
  • In Maharashtra (West India), there were 10 schools operating without a building in 1993, this has climbed to 33 in 2002
  • 25% teacher absenteeism in India is among the highest in the world, second only after Uganda that has a higher rate. -source UNESCO
  • India ranks sixth among the seven emerging economies of the world, in terms of education quality.- source ASSOCHAM
  • The quality of tertiary education in India is lowest among the other emerging nations – source ASSOCHAM
  • Not more than 25-30% of Technical Education students are fit for employment – source Nasscom-Mackinsey Report
  • Vast majority of institutions are under no quality monitoring and control – source Nasscom-Mackinsey Report
  • India had the lowest public expenditure on higher education per student among developing and developed countries-source UNESCO
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Posted by on September 1, 2012 in Uncategorized


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