According to Mahatma Gandhi– “What is the meaning of education? It simply means a knowledge of letters. It is merely an instrument, and an instrument may be well used and abused. The same instrument that may be used to cure a patient may be used to take away his life, and so may a knowledge of letters

Education in India today is nothing like it was in Pre-Independence and Post-Independence Era. Education System in India today went through a lot of changes before it emerged in its present form. Present education system in India is also guided by different objectives and goals as compared to earlier time. Present system of education in India, however is based around the policies of yesteryears.

A comparative flow of Education systems:

Present Status:

  • Active participation in schooling : Rapid improvement in enrollment rates at least in primary
  • Equity: Social disparity which was very high in 90’s, has now reduced significantly
  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) gets most of the credit for the improvements in elementary education.
  • 348 Universities,17625 colleges> 500,000 teachers, 10.5 million students
  • Third largest number of graduates after US and China
  • Professional education in English medium
  • Rapidly growing education; covers all major desciplines

Problem Areas:

Growing Indian population: the development in Indian education system has been comparatively sluggish despite best of the efforts put in by both from government and private sector enterprises.

Drop out rates: Increase in dropout rate in primary education- a report published by Times of India 2010-2011

An article from TOI-2012 on PISA shows Lack of quality Education in India: the major reason being: Shortage of teachers, poor quality of Textbooks, Lack of student enrollment

Poor Infrastructural facilities: Many universities lack adequate funding to improve the infrastructure facilities


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